Are you thinking about starting a career in nursing?
Healthcare is forecasted to become among the fastest-growing careers through the next decade and nurses make up the vast majority of the workers in the healthcare sector.
Considering that our population is increasing, especially the older age groups, and the amount of trained nurses isn't keeping pace with this increase, many analysts are actually estimating a shortage of licensed nurses in the years ahead.
Nurses have a certain amount of flexibility concerning how much formal schooling they take on, when and where they work, and what specific type of nursing they perform.
Although most students spend two to four years education to become a nurse, individuals can get up and running in this industry after finishing just one year of higher education.
And because everyone will need healthcare sooner or later, healthcare professionals can choose to work wherever there might be prospective patients -- cities such as Mobile and Birmingham or smaller towns around Alabama or any other state in the country.
Because people might need medical care at any time during the day or evening, there exists a demand for nurses to be on duty at any hour of the day. And while some people don't prefer this situation, others take advantage of the flexibility they have in selecting to work evenings or weekends or just a few extended work shifts each week.
There are more than 100 different nursing specializations for professionals to choose from. Most nurses work in hospitals, medical clinics, doctors offices and various outpatient services. But others find jobs in other fields, such as personal home medical care, nursing home or extended care facilities, academic institutions, correctional facilities or in the armed forces.
It can be easy for medical workers to change jobs in the course of their careers. They're able to easily switch from one location to a different one or modify their speciality or they're able to enroll in further training and advance up in patient responsibilities or into a supervisory opportunity.
Nursing is not a perfect job for every person. It can be a tough and stressful occupation. Most nurses put in a 40-hour work week and the hours may likely be scheduled during nights, weekends and holidays. Many healthcare professionals need to stand for extended periods of time and conduct some physical effort such as aiding patients to stand up, walk around or get positioned in bed.
One approach that a number of prospective nurse enrollees make use of to determine whether they have what it takes to become a nurse is to volunteer at a medical center, physician's office or nursing home to get an idea of what this type of job may be like.
Licensed Practical Nurse
A licensed practical nurse (LPN) or licensed vocational nurse (LVN), provides general nursing care. Nearly all states call these medical professionals LPNs, but in a small number of states they are referred to as LVNs. They work under the guidance of doctors, RN's and others.
In order to become an LPN, one needs to complete an accredited academic training program and successfully pass the certification exam. The formal training course typically takes one year to complete.
A registered nurse (RN) is a sizeable step up from an LVN. Nearly all RNs have earned either an associates degree in nursing, a bachelors degree in nursing, or a certificate from a certified teaching course such as through a hospital training program or via a military ROTC study program. Graduates must also pass the national accreditation test in order to become licensed.
The Associate of Science in Nursing (ASN) degree will take roughly two years and allows you to sit for the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN).
The Bachelor of Science Nursing (BSN) usually takes four years of college study and also allows graduates to take the NCLEX-RN. A bachelor's degree may well help prepare graduates for possible manager positions later on. Students that already have a bachelor diploma in a different discipline may enroll in a Post-Baccalaureate, Second Degree BSN or Accelerated BSN program.
Many participating hospitals might have a two-year learning program. These programs are typically matched with a community school where the actual classroom study is presented. Successful completion will result in sitting for the NCLEX-RN.
The US Military also delivers opportunities via ROTC classes at a number of schools. These programs may take two to four years to finish and also lead up to taking the NCLEX-RN.
Master of Science in Nursing
A Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) can be a solid prerequisite to a future coordinator or Nurse Educator position. Earning a graduate diploma could present almost unlimited career opportunities. Various educational institutions may alternatively name their graduate programs a MS in Nursing or a Master of Nursing. Basically, all three are equivalent degrees with simply different names.
A MSN can be attained by students by way of a couple of different paths.
Students who already have a BSN will ordinarily get through a MSN in 18 to 24 months of work at a college. Individuals who already have a bachelor's diploma in a field other than healthcare can also earn their MSN either through a direct entry or accelerated MSN program. This form of program will award you with credits for your previous diploma.
A number of colleges may offer a RN to MSN plan for individuals who only have an associate diploma to complement their RN certification. An RN to master's degree program is generally a two to three year program. Students in this type of training may have to complete various general education classes along with their major lessons.
Students who complete a masters diploma can continue and try to get a doctorate degree if they decide to. A graduate degree could possibly help prepare individuals for advanced job opportunities in administration, research, teaching, or continuing primary patient care. Students could transfer to job opportunities of Clinical Nurse Leaders, healthcare worker supervisors, clinical teachers, medical policy consultants, research associates, community health nurses, and in a number of other capacities.
Advanced Practice Registered Nurses
An Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN) supplies preventive, primary, and specialized care in ambulatory or acute treatment environments.
There are four key segments of APRNs:
1. Nurse Practitioners (NP) form the greatest share of this group. They give primary and continuing care, which may include determining medical history; administering a physical examination or other medical review; and diagnosing, treating, and monitoring patients. An NP could practice autonomously in areas such as pediatrics, geriatrics, family practice, or women's health issues.
2. Certified Nurse-Midwives (CNMs) deliver fundamental healthcare service, but include obstetric and gynecologic care, childbirth and newborn care. Preventive and primary care form the majority of patient visits to CNMs.
3. Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) supply anesthesia care. CRNAs are often the single anesthesia suppliers for many rural medical centers and hospitals.
4. Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNS) center on special areas or groups, including critical care, adult health or community health issues. A CNS may be a part of disease management, advancement of well being, or prevention of sickness and reduction of risk behaviors among individuals, small groups and neighborhoods.
Students need to complete one of these recognized graduate courses, pass the national accreditation test, and acquire their license to perform in one of these roles. The doctoral diploma is turning out to be the standard for preparing APRNs.
Clinical Nurse Leaders
A Clinical Nurse Leader (CNL) enters into a master's degree program to deeper learn how to supervise the care coordination of patients. These graduates go on to provide direct treatment support, but with enhanced clinical judgment and staff leadership.
Doctor of Nursing Practice
The Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) is intended for professionals attempting to get the utmost level of preparation.
General undergraduate nursing degree course topics may include:
• Individual Anatomy
• Microbiology and Immunology
• Childbirth and Newborn Attention
• Introduction to Critical Care
• Wellness Promotion and Illness Avoidance
• Pediatrics and Care of Children
• Complementary and Holistic Options
• Restorative Health
• Community Care
• Clinical Nurse Practice
• Medical Technology
• Diagnosis and Management of Contagious Diseases
• Patient Focused Care
• Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing
• Concepts of Pathophysiology
• Basics in Pharmacology
• Health Assessment
• Overview of Emergency Treatment
• Principles in Forensic Nursing
• Symptom, Diagnosis and Illness Control
• Diagnostics and Therapeutics
• Health Systems Administration
• Cardiovascular system Health
• Nursing Care for Senior Adults
• Injury Pathology & Accident Trauma Assessment
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